10 Best Web Development Frameworks To Consider In 2022

February 11, 2022

single post thumb

Over the past few years, the internet has become a medium through which people garner most of their information about businesses worldwide. The creation of the internet has given businesses the power to connect with their target audiences in a way that was never possible before.

Creating a digital presence means having a website, application, or page on any social networking site. Having a personalized website became a trend with the world wide web, and now it has become imperative for businesses to have their presence on the internet.

Web development is building, maintaining, and storing a website for the internet. It can vary from a single page of written text to a complex website of interlinked web pages. Web developers use standard procedures like agile methodologies to develop websites.

Today, websites are created quickly and efficiently using different web application frameworks specially designed to create websites, applications, and other web-related services.

What are Web Development Frameworks?

Web development frameworks are tools and resources that facilitate developers to code and build web-related projects. Web frameworks provide a standard structure to deploy websites that coherently interact with the internet to provide a seamless user experience. The main function of the web development framework is to automate the basic activities for web development. For instance, a web framework provides:

  • A programming environment for scripting.
  • Code snippets.
  • Templating frameworks.
  • Libraries.
  • Session management.

Why do we need Web Development Frameworks?

Web development frameworks encompass a wide range of pre-written components with refined techniques for serving web development. They provide the necessary tools required to build web-related services. Reasons that make Web development frameworks reliable are:

  • They allow businesses to create their own personalized, intuitive, and sophisticated websites.
  • They help increase traffic.
  • They ease development, maintenance, and deployment processes.
  • They systematically organize programming methodologies to avoid errors and reduce bugs.
  • They follow standard coding practices and conventions for their codes.
  • They focus on the project’s main components, taking care of background details like data binding.

Types of Web Development Frameworks

Frameworks are libraries of pre-written codes that allow developers to create and deploy websites and web applications on the web. They are broadly classified into two types:

  • 1. Front-end web development frameworks
  • 2. Back-end web development frameworks

1. Front-end web development frameworks

The Front-end web development framework or the client-side framework covers the website sections visible on the screen to the end-users. Characteristic features of a front-end web development framework include:

  • Use of languages like HTML, CSS, JavaScript, etc.
  • Pre-written code snippets.
  • Integrable elements.
  • Reusable templates.
  • Managing user interactions.

Front-end web development frameworks are used for a wide range of applications like:

  • SEO Optimization.
  • AJAX request management.
  • Styling the web components.
  • Structuring a file.
  • UI-UX designing.
  • Enhancing scalability and performance.
  • Creating reusable templates.

2. Back-end web development frameworks

Back-end or server-side development refers to the background functioning of a website. Its frameworks are the tools that help developers build the website’s architecture. It has several features like:

  • Usage of languages such as .NET, Python, JavaScript, PHP, Ruby, etc.
  • Privacy encryptions.
  • User authorizations.
  • Time-saving and scalability.
  • Database manipulation.

Back-end web development frameworks have several applications, such as:

  • Management of the database.
  • Designing website’s architecture.
  • Server handling.
  • Security.
  • URL routing.

Classification of Framework Architecture

The architecture of a web application framework defines how the different layers interact. The framework architecture sets the relationship amongst the different components, middleware systems, user interface, and the database of the web framework. Major framework architectures include:

1) Model–View–Controller (MVC)

This framework architecture sets apart the data model with business rules from the User Interface (UI). Several frameworks use MVC architecture to modularize the code, promo code reusability, and various interfaces.

2) Push-based vs. pull-based

The push-based or action-based architecture uses different actions that complete the processing required and then pushes the data to the view layer to deliver the outcome. Examples: Django, Ruby on Rails, etc.

Another approach used in this architecture is the pull-based or component-based framework. In this framework, the view layer is the starting point, pulling the outcomes from various controllers. Examples: Tapestry, JavaServer Faces, Lift, etc.

3) Three-tier organization

The three-tier organization architecture is systematically structured in three physical levels:

  • Client
  • Application
  • Database

The web applications contain business logic that runs on a server, interacting with clients using HTTP.

10 Best Web Development Frameworks in 2022

Best Front-End Web Development Frameworks

1) Angular

Angular is a modern platform for web developers. It is a free and open-source web applications framework released in 2016. It can be used to develop web-related services for different platforms like mobile web, native desktop, etc. Angular is considered among the best front-end web frameworks using typescript language and is managed by Google. Other tech giants using Angular are Microsoft, PayPal, Upwork, etc.

Advantages:

  • It supports MVC Architecture.
  • A vast and vibrant community.
  • Ideal for single-page applications.
  • Inbuilt functionality shows real-time model view synchronization.

Disadvantages:

  • Numerous built-in functionalities and a variety of features make it difficult to learn.
  • Lag in dynamic applications.

2) React

React is an open-source front-end JavaScript library based on UI components. Initially released on May 29, 2013, React is maintained by Meta and a community of developers. React is written in the JavaScript language and can be used to create single-page and mobile applications. The virtual Document Object Model (DOM) that has exceptional functionality makes react more popular amongst developers.

Advantages:

  • Easy to understand.
  • Declarative programming paradigm.
  • Virtual DOM facilitates quick manipulation.
  • Excellent for developing mobile web applications.

Disadvantages:

  • JSX components aren’t easy to understand.
  • Development is limited to the UI part.

3) Vue.js

Vue.js is an open-source JavaScript framework based on the Model–View–View-Model (MVVM) architecture. It is written in typescript and used to build single-page applications and UIs. Vue.js was built by Evan You, and got its initial release in February 2014. Its flexible framework allows the integration of third-party solutions.

Advantages:

  • It focuses on component composition and declarative rendering.
  • Allows extending HTML with HTML attributes known as directives.
  • It provides better documentation than Angular and React.
  • Easy maintenance and utilization due to small size.

Disadvantages:

  • Not supported by tech giants like Google, Meta, and Amazon.
  • It doesn’t have a large community size.

4) Backbone.js

It is a JavaScript library created by Jeremy Ashkenas and initially released on October 13, 2010. Backbone.js is based on the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture. It is considered lightweight with a RESTful JSON interface. It is used for keeping the different components of a web application synchronized. Different applications built with Backbone.js are Airbnb, Nextcloud, and Pandora Radio.

Advantages:

  • Provide key-value binding and custom events to models.
  • Several APIs with enumerable functions.
  • Provide views with declarative event handling.
  • Easy to use for beginners.

Disadvantages:

  • Community size isn’t substantial.
  • Can’t handle developing large size sophisticated projects.

5) Ember

Ember is an open-source JavaScript web framework created by Yehuda Katz. Now maintained by the Ember core team, Ember got its initial release on December 8, 2011. It is written in the JavaScript language and used to create single-page web applications by using different features from other single-page-app ecosystem patterns. Ember is used on several websites, such as Apple Music, LinkedIn, and DigitalOcean.

Advantages:

  • One of the best time-saving frameworks present.
  • Its backward compatibility allows smooth functioning even after updates.
  • Two-way data binding feature.
  • Code debugger supported.
  • Powerful development environment with wide documentation.

Disadvantages:

  • Not preferable for minor projects.
  • Steep learning curve.
  • Complex syntax.

Best Front-End Web Development Frameworks

6) Django

It is one of the best open-source back-end frameworks written in Python. Authored by Adrian Holovaty and Simon Willison, Django was released in 2005 and is now maintained by the Django Software Foundation (DSF). It follows the Model–Template–Views (MTV) architecture primarily made with an objective to simplify the development of complex, database-driven websites. Some of the brands using Django are Instagram, Mozilla, and Clubhouse.

  • One of the best time-saving frameworks present.
  • Its backward compatibility allows smooth functioning even after updates.
  • Two-way data binding feature.
  • Code debugger supported.
  • Powerful development environment with wide documentation.

Disadvantages:

  • Not preferable for minor projects.
  • Steep learning curve.
  • Complex syntax.

7) Ruby on Rails

It is a server-side web framework written in the Ruby programming language. It was created by David Heinemeier Hansson and was released initially in August 2004. Ruby on Rails is based on the Model–View–Controller (MVC) architecture and also emphasizes the use of patterns like Don’t Repeat Yourself (DRY) and Convention over Configuration (CoC). Some renowned websites using Ruby on Rails are GitHub, Airbnb, and Bloomberg.

  • Simple testing as it uses an easy-to-use unit testing setup called RSpec.
  • A vast library of tools and resources.
  • Automation-enabled and time-efficient as it provides pre-written modules and plugins.
  • Secure and scalable.
  • Quick development and wide community support.

Disadvantages:

  • Processing speed is relatively slower than other frameworks.
  • It doesn’t have apt documentation.

8) Laravel

Laravel is a back-end web development framework written using the PHP scripting language, originally designed by Taylor Otwell. Laravel is utilized for developing Symfony-based web applications that are based on the MVC architecture system. It provides developers with multiple utilities that help in maintenance and application deployment.

  • It offers a modular packaging system with a dedicated dependency manager.
  • It provides multiple ways to access the relational database.
  • It contains simple APIs that work smoothly with the SwiftMailer library.
  • Integrated mail services.
  • Thorough documentation.

Disadvantages:

  • No payment gateway support.
  • Mobile application development is not supported.

9) Spring

Spring framework is a server-side open-source web framework developed by Pivotal Software. Spring is one of the most used web frameworks written in the Java programming language, especially after the Enterprise JavaBeans model. Spring is mostly used for developing high-performance applications. Companies using the Spring framework are Zillow, Zalando, and Deleokorea.

  • Aspect-oriented software programming allows the execution of cross-cutting concerns.
  • High flexibility.
  • Easy maintenance.
  • Efficient testing as it supports classes for writing integration tests and unit tests.

Disadvantages:

  • Stability issues.
  • High learning curve.

10) Express.js

It is a back-end open-source web framework for Node.js developed by TJ Holowaychuk, StrongLoop, and other developers. Express.js is written using the JavaScript programming language designed to build APIs and web applications.

  • An easy learning curve.
  • Sophisticated routing procedures capable of handling dynamic URLs.
  • Convenient debugging system for quick error detection.
  • Outstanding for API development.
  • Performance-oriented due to multiple fundamental web application features.

Disadvantages:

  • Its event-driven nature results in tedious callbacks.
Front-End Frameworks
S.No. Web Development Frameworks Features Disadvantages
Front-End Frameworks
1 Angular
  • MVC architecture,
  • Real-time model view synchronization.
  • Difficult to learn,
  • Lag in dynamic applications.
2 React
  • Complex JSX components,
  • Development is limited to UI.
  • JS library based on UI components,
  • Declarative programming paradigm.
3 Vue.js
  • MVVM architecture,
  • Easy maintenance and utilization.
  • Not supported by tech giants,
  • Small community.
4 Backbone.js
  • Key-value binding and custom events,
  • Declarative event handling.
  • Small community size,
  • It can’t handle sophisticated projects large in size.
5 Ember
  • Two-way data binding,
  • A powerful developing environment with code debuggers.
  • Not suitable for small projects,
  • Complex syntax.
Back-End Frameworks
6 Django
  • A versatile framework allows building different types of websites like CMS.
  • Optimal security.
  • A high learning curve,
  • Slow processing speed.
7 Ruby on Rails
  • Wide range of tools and libraries,
  • Secure and scalable.
  • Doesn’t have proper documentation,
  • Slow processing.
8 Laravel
  • Modular packaging system,
  • Developed using PHP scripting language.
  • No payment gateway support,
  • Not suitable for mobile applications.
9 Spring
  • Uses Java programming language,
  • High flexibility and easy maintenance.
  • Issues with stability,
  • High learning curve.
10 Express.js
  • A convenient debugging system,
  • Excellent for API development.
  • Event-driven nature results in tedious callbacks.

Finding out the best web framework depends on different factors, including personal preferences. Thus determining the features and limitations of web frameworks allows configuring the best web development application for you. Several companies like RV Technologies help people develop a web-based application and provide clarity on web development. Reach out to us at [email protected].

About the Author Ranjit Singh is the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) at RV Technologies. In the past 10+ years, he has focused on helping clients to expand their business through the best digital solutions. Leading a team of 100+ employees, he knows how to implement the best market practices to transform a client’s business growth and help him achieve dedicated goals.

Want to discuss your idea?

Hi I am Ryan, a Business Consultant at
RV Technologies. We are excited to hear
about your project.

Drop us a line and we will connect
you to our experts.

Let’s Get Started

We’re here to help you. Fill the form below and we will get you in touch with our experts soon.